Libros En Inglés | Rincón Médico - Part 3

Category Archives: Libros en Inglés

CHEMORADIATION IN CANCER THERAPY


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CHEMORADIATION IN CANCER THERAPY
As the treatment of cancer continues to evolve, clinicians are constantly seeking new and innovative strategies to expand the use of currently available treatment modalities. Among the different strategies to improve therapy, the combining of chemotherapeutic drugs with radiation has perhaps had the strongest impact on current solid tumor treatment practice. This combination has been in use for many decades, but now has become a common treatment option in many clinical settings. This is particularly true for concurrent chemoradiotherapy, which in many recent clinical trials has been shown to be superior to radiotherapy alone in controlling local–regional disease and in improving patient survival. Combining chemotherapeutic drugs with radiotherapy has a strong biologic rationale. Such agents reduce the number of cells in tumors undergoing radiotherapy by their independent cytotoxic action and by rendering tumor cells more susceptible to killing by ionizing radiation.

Rethinking the Clinical Gaze


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Rethinking the Clinical Gaze
Medicine, health care and the wider social meaning and management of health are undergoing major changes. In part, this reflects developments in science and technology, which enable new forms of diagnosis, treatment and the delivery of health care. It also reflects changes in the locus of care and burden of responsibility for health. Today, genetics, informatics, imaging and integrative technologies, such as nanotechnology, are redefining our understanding of the body, health and disease; at the same time, health is no longer simply the domain of conventional medicine, nor the clinic. The ‘birth of the clinic’ heralded the process through which health and illness became increasingly subject to the surveillance of medicine.

FORENSIC ALCOHOL TEST EVIDENCE (FATE)


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FORENSIC ALCOHOL TEST EVIDENCE (FATE)
The motivation to write Forensic Alcohol Test Evidence (FATE) is an extension of my long-standing interest in learning and explaining how things work. As an undergraduate, my focus on the neurophysiology of the brain and behavior was a passion that grew, as did the opportunity to work with excellent mentors at Queens College of the City University of New York and at Rockefeller University, where I continued working after completing my undergraduate degree and before starting my graduate work in psychobiology at Binghamton University. My research at the Rutgers University Center of Alcohol Studies and the Rutgers Alcohol Behavior Research Lab allowed me to
follow my scientific curiosity about the relationship between the brain, behavioral
psychology, and alcohol. Coincidentally, this academic background in both laboratory research and clinical testing related to alcohol met the need of the legal community to have a resource to answer both analytical and biobehavioral questions about the role, if any, of alcohol in a crime or accident.

Cerebral Microbleeds Pathophysiology to Clinical Practice


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Cerebral Microbleeds Pathophysiology to Clinical Practice
Cerebrovascular diseases (including symptomatic strokes and vascular cognitive impairment) are arguably the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. About one in three symptomatic strokes are caused by diseases of small perforating arteries,
including most cases of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage, the most severe and lethal type of stroke. Despite the clear importance of small vessel diseases, many effective interventions (for example endovascular techniques) currently target only disease of large arteries, because small vessels are technically inaccessible and the underlying mechanisms of small vessel diseases remain relatively poorly understood.

Metabolic Syndrome Pathophysiology The Role of Essential Fatty Acids


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Metabolic Syndrome Pathophysiology The Role of Essential Fatty Acids
The incidence of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and
coronary heart disease, which form the core components of the metabolic syndrome,
is increasing at an alarming rate in almost all countries. The incidence of the metabolic syndrome is especially high in the Indian subcontinent. This increase in the incidenceof the metabolic syndrome has been attributed to lack of exercise, increase in the consumption of energy-dense food, and environmental changes. What is more disturbing is an enormous increase in the incidence of obesity in children, as a result of which these children are likely to develop other features of the metabolic syndrome as they grow to adulthood.

The Ischemic Penumbra


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The Ischemic Penumbra
In the world of acute ischemic stroke, nothing is more important than an understanding of the ischemic penumbra. The whole concept of the existence of salvageable tissue, that is, the penumbra, is based on the daily clinical observation of almost immediate and early recovery from an episode of hemiparesis or other clinical expression of occlusion of a blood vessel within any of the arterial territories of the brain. Indeed, even before there was an appreciation of the complexities of the ischemic cascade, many clinicians dealing with stroke understood that something akin to the ischemic penumbra was likely to exist. These ideas, which fueled pivotal experimental studies to document the penumbra, clashed with the then prevailing dogma that the ischemic brain was doomed to die within minutes of onset of the clinical event. It is because of this central positioning of the penumbra in stroke outcome and therapy that we felt that a volume dedicated to its existence was timely.

Addiction at Work Tackling Drug Use and Misuse in the Workplace


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Addiction at Work Tackling Drug Use and Misuse in the Workplace
Drug abuse and a whole range of associated problems have increased dramatically over the last 30 years and, as a significant number of drug abusers are in employment, the workplace has not escaped the consequences of these increases. However, until now, it has not been possible to access an authoritative source of information on these issues because a comprehensive text has not been available. This book attempts to fill that gap, bringing together the best contemporary thinking on all aspects of the field.
It has three parts, the first of which puts the subject of misuse into context, explaining for example that this problem includes the use of socially acceptable drugs, such as alcohol, as well as illicit substances, and identifying the risks and side effects of legitimately prescribed psychoactive substances.

Crack The Core Exam – Case Companion


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Crack The Core Exam – Case Companion
Readers are advised this book is not to be used for clinical decision making. human error does occur and it is your responsibility to double check all facts provided. To the fullest extent of the law , the author assumes no responsibility for any injury and or damage to persons or property arising out or related to any use of the material contained in this book.

Bedside Approach to Autonomic Disorders


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Bedside Approach to Autonomic Disorders
Disorders of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) are often a severe burden to the
quality of life of our patients, orthostatic intolerance, sweating disorders, sexual dysfunction). In some cases, they may be harmful (syncope with falls, heat
intolerance, urinary retention) or even life threatening (sudden cardiac death, sympathetic storm, heat shock). Diagnosis of ANS disorders is stillu underrepresented,despite their common occurrence in clinical practice. This may be attributed at least in part to a lack of awareness and attention to symptoms of ANS dysfunction. Information on the ANS is rare in many neurological textbooks and often missing during education. This booklet shall help to recognize the presence and distribution of autonomic dysfunctions and provide tips for further management.

Survival Analysis


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Survival Analysis
Survival analysis concerns sequential occurrences of events governed by probabilistic laws.Recent decades have witnessed many applications of survival analysis in various disciplines. The primary objective of this book is to provide an introduction to the many specialized facets on survival analysis. Scope – wise, this book is expected to appeal to a wide variety of disciplinary areas. Given my multidisciplinary background in training and research, this book of survival analysis covers techniques and specifi cations applied in medicine, biostatistics, demography, mathematical biology, sociology, and epidemiology, with practical examples associated with each of those disciplines. The celebrated Cox model, used in almost all applied areas, is paid special attention to in this book, with three chapters devoted to this innovative perspective.

Hematological Disorders in Children


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Hematological Disorders in Children
In recent years, the pathogenesis of hematological disorders in children has been
clariied, which has led to remarkable progress in the treatment outcome for these
disorders. In particular, molecular targeted therapy has been shown to have an effect
on childhood leukemia refractory to conventional therapy. Further development of these strategies will enable us to use more effective and less toxic therapies for hematological disorders in the future. Here we describe the pathogenesis and treatment
(present and future) of several representative hematological disorders in children,
especially focusing on the genetic and molecular aspects.

IEP Goal Writing for Speech-Language Pathologists


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IEP Goal Writing for Speech-Language Pathologists
As speech-language pathologists (SLPs), we have a responsibility to support the state standards. In order for students to be successful with the standards, they must have mastered specific speech-language skills. There are three objectives of this book. First, to familiarize the SLP with specific Early Learning Standards and Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and the speech-language skills needed to be successful with these standards. The second objective is to outline prerequisite speech-language skills and steps to mastering those skills. The third objective, through a step-by-step process, is to write defensible IEP goals that are related to the standards.
The information and process provided in this book are based on research, fifty years of combined experience as school-based SLPs and administrators, and reviewing Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) from all over the country.

Clays and Health Properties and Therapeutic Uses


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Clays and Health Properties and Therapeutic Uses
On reading this book a reader will certainly be astonished by the great age and importance of the observations on the biological role of clays. This empirically
established knowledge, as that reported to us thanks to an expert author of Arabic
medicine of the Middle Ages, resulted in the development of a simple and inexpensive
pharmacopeia. Facing the poverty of a great part of the world’s population and the crucial problem of hunger it is thus not surprising to see children eating clay. This “nutritional geophagia” certainy remained in many memories following the images broadcast in the media in the whole world showing Haitian populations making clay cookies. The astonishing multiplicity of clays will enable the readers of this book to make an enthralling comparative study of all their properties. However, the biological role of clays has only barely been studied by the scientiic community.

Tinnitus A multidisciplinary approach


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Tinnitus A multidisciplinary approach
Clinicians and researchers who accept the challenge of helping patients suffering from
tinnitus must be prepared to implement management strategies that are as varied and
diverse as the population they serve. The notorious abundance of tinnitus ‘cures’ suggests that there are (at least) as many tinnitus causes, triggers and mechanisms. It will probably always be the case that no one-size-fits-all approach to tinnitus management will succeed, but it is equally likely that a variety of interventions may, in many cases, produce some amelioration of the patient’s distress. Most researchers and practising clinicians report that a combination of sound therapy and counselling facilitates the patient’s ability to manage the tinnitus experience.

Computational Analysis Of The Human


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Computational Analysis Of The Human
The human visual system, from photoreceptors to higher-order processing of signals in the brain, is a remarkable example of the power of evolutionary processes acting over vast periods to develop a finely tuned system capable of complex recognition, recall, and execution of highly accurate tasks in space and time. In terms of genetics, physiology, and structure, the evolutionary pathway to higher vertebrate vision can be traced.1 In fact, it has been hypothesized that the development of a complex visual system preceded and provided the evolutionary substrate for the evolution of brain expansion that made possible higher cognitive functions in primates. Vertebrate vision is one of the most profound and illuminating examples illustrating the operation of evolutionary principles.

Acute Side Effects of Radiation Therapy


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Acute Side Effects of Radiation Therapy
Dichotomies in medicine are common, but it is nowhere more clearly demonstrated than in radiation exposure either used in diagnoses or in treatment as compared to excessive or unwanted radiation exposure either locally or systematically. Other
dichotomies demonstrated in radiation injury include the separation between acute
and late radiation damage, locally applied as contrasted to systemic or total body
exposure, one or few radiation exposures vs. fractionated radiation exposures, and
use of preventive or ameliorating agents applied before exposure in contrast to postexposure treatments. All of these are important to our understanding of the effective, appropriate use of radiation as a treatment modality. This can only be ameliorated by accurate information about the causes, frequency, severity, and prevention or treatment of these radiation-associated conditions.

The Vulva A Practical Handbook for Clinicians


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The Vulva A Practical Handbook for Clinicians
he irst edition of this book appeared in 2010, at a time when there was very little published evidence on vulval disease. Happily, the situation has improved, and the entire text has been amended to relect this. Further reading lists are included at the end of the chapters. In the last 5 years, the authors themselves have completed important research on genital candidiasis, lichen planus, lichen sclerosus and persistent vaginitis. hey have included a pr´ecis of this information, as well as relevant research from other centres.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for Managing Non-cardiac Chest Pain


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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for Managing Non-cardiac Chest Pain
CBT for Managing Non-cardiac Chest Pain is an evidence-based guide and workbook for clinicians working with people with non-cardiac chest pain (NCCP). NCCP affects around 25–30% of people in the UK, the US and Europe, and it is associated with high levels of ealth-care use and compromised quality of life. This is the fi rst book to describe a treatment programme to fi ll the gap in care for patients.The authors have developed and researched a novel approach that demonstrates how physiological, cognitive, behavioural and social factors all contribute to the negative experience of chest pain. With the help of exercises and handouts for the patient, the book aims to provide the necessary information and clinical skills and approaches for clinicians to use in health-care settings.