Category Archives: Oxford Handbook
Disasters happen—anywhere, anytime, and frequently. In the United States, in response to numerous recent man-made and natural catastrophes, disaster preparation efforts have become widespread. Over time, they have also become more complex and broader in scope.
Added layers of complexity make it more diffi cult to stay on top of best practices, but it is essential to do so. The public expects a rapid, well-coordinated and effective response when disaster strikes. The media will cover the disaster and the response with extensive detail and analysis.
After a disaster, recovery and mitigation of future disasters are critical elements of the disaster cycle that will be an ongoing challenge for disaster planners and providers.
In this era of rapid electronic transfer of medical information, the question is often posed: “Do we need textbooks anymore, as by the time they are printed much of the information is outdated?” This question is best answered by this publication, which offers the reader current, practical, clinical evidence–based information that will benefi t patients with endocrine and metabolic disease. This handbook is not meant to be a fully comprehensive tome but to act as a quick and easily accessible source of information.
While we have endeavored to include material that is as current as possible, the many advances occurring in the fi eld of endocrinology and diabetes made this a daunting task.
Since medical school, I have been a fan of medical handbooks. I like their feel—durable, portable, and readily available. I like the idea they convey, providing expert information boiled down to its essence, yet reliable and proven in the fi eld. A good handbook becomes essential to its user. Its pages become well-thumbed. Its spine acquires a structural memory, opening easily to frequently consulted chapters that correspond to real patient-care experiences at the bedside and offi ce. In creating the Oxford American Handbook of Geriatric Medicine , I believe that the publisher and authors have succeeded admirably in creating just such a resource.
The text and increased numbers of contributors reflect the changes that have occurred in General Surgery over the past ten years. It is unlikely that in the future we will encounter General Surgical Units. They will be replaced by specialised departments catering for specific areas of surgical expertise. These changes will also fashion future editions of this text in that almost every chapter will become a handbook in itself and the training of surgeons become significantly changed.
In this American edition of the popular Oxford Handbook of Ophthalmology, the editors have attempted to retain the essence of the original handbook while incorporating recent advances, current practice patterns, and state-of-the-art concepts in the wide-ranging fi eld of ophthalmic disease.
In doing so, we hope that this Handbook provides the eye care provider with timely information that is readily accessible and easy to incorporate into the everyday management of patients. As a rapid reference guide for practicing clinicians, trainees, students, and other ancillary health care professionals, the Oxford American Handbook of Ophthalmology greatly benefi ts from the expertise of accomplished clinicians in the various subspecialties in ophthalmology.
Intensive care medicine is an evolving speciality in which the amount of available information is growing daily and increasingly, textbooks refl ect this in terms of their size. Size and immediate clinical utility are often inversely related and ‘bottom line’ practicality is drowned in comprehensive discussion. The natural habitat of this new textbook of critical care and emergency medicine is on the desktops of Intensive Care units, High Dependency units, acute medical or surgical wards, Accident & Emergency departments and maybe even operating theatres where it is easily accessible with useful and relevant information.
Cardiovascular disease remains the major cause of morbidity and mortality throughout developed countries and is also rapidly increasing in developing countries. Cardiovascular medicine and the specialty of cardiology continue to expand, and the remit of the cardiologist is forever broader with the development of new sub-specialties. The Oxford Handbook of Cardiology provides a comprehensive but concise guide to all modern cardiological practice with an emphasis on practical clinical management in many different contexts. This second edition addresses all the key advances made in the field since the previous edition, including interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, and pharmacology.
As medicine becomes more and more specialized, and moves further and further from the general physician, becoming increasingly subspecialized, it can be difficult to know where we fi t in to the general scheme of things. What ties a public health physician to a neurosurgeon? Why does a dermatologist require the same early training as a gastroenterologist? What makes an academic nephrologist similar to a general practitioner? To answer these questions we need to go back to the definition of a physician. The word physician comes from the Greek physica, or natural science, and the Latin physicus, or one who undertakes the study of nature. A physician therefore is one who has studied nature and natural sciences, although the word has been adapted to mean one who has studied healing and medicine.
Now in its 25th year, the Oxford Handbook of Clinical Specialties has been revised and updated by a trusted author team to bring you practical, up-to-date clinical advice and a unique outlook on the practice of medicine. Twelve books in one, this is the ultimate guide to the core clinical specialties for students, junior doctors, and specialists.
This edition features a new and improved referencing system guided by a team of junior doctors, ensuring that the text is packed with valuable references to the most salient data and guidelines across the specialties. Each chapter has been updated on the advice of a team of specialists, to bring you everything you need for any eventuality on the ward or in the field.
Sometimes we have to look backward to look forward. Since 1990, surgery has witnessed cataclysmic changes. In our Trust, the fi rst laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed in 1992, and has now become the procedure of choice for most gall bladder disease and many other surgical operations in the western world. With the expansion of laparoscopic surgery, we have encountered a whole new range of complications with an escalation in the demise of general surgery as the result of hyperspecialization.
There are many surgical trainees who have scant experience of open surgery and who have, due to European directives, limited time exposure to surgical procedures.
Fully revised and updated, the Oxford Handbook of Emergency Medicine is the definitive, best-selling guide for all of the common conditions that present to the emergency department. Whether you work in emergency medicine, or just want to be prepared, this book will be your essential guide.
Following the latest clinical guidelines and evidence, written and reviewed by experts, this handbook will ensure you are up-to-date and have the confidence to deal with all emergency presentations, practices, and procedures. Following the latest developments in the field, such as infection control, DNR orders, advanced directives and learning disability.
Much has changed in our specialty since the appearance of the first edition of this Handbook. Chronic Kidney Disease, a fl edgling classifi cation at the time, is now well established internationally and, more recently, acute renal failure has emerged from a comparable makeover as Acute Kidney Injury. Although not without detractors, these re-imaginations have helped to raise general awareness of kidney disease and provided a welcome platform from which nephrologists have re-engaged with colleagues in both primary and secondary care. International efforts to produce consensus guidelines (albeit from disappointingly thin evidence) must also be applauded. However, whilst we may inexplicably struggle to complete sufficient RCTs of good quality, we remain admirable innovators of clinical services.
The first edition of the Oxford Handbook of Palliative Care has been warmly received. We have been encouraged by colleagues to make the material presented here more relevant to non-medical readers. We therefore welcome to our team, Jo Wells, who is a nurse consultant in palliative care. We have added new sections on antibiotics, increased emphasis on non-malignant disease, learning disabilities, palliative care in developing countries and communication. All the chapters of the first edition have been reviewed and many have been completely rewritten.
We hope that the result will be a Handbook which is useful to the whole of the multiprofessional team and will achieve a better balance than its predecessor.
This second edition of the former newcomer to the handbook series covers the broad fi eld of occupational health (OH) and wellbeing. It is aimed primarily at occupational health professionals from all disciplines, including general practitioners (GPs) who practise OH on a sessional basis and a new breed of non-medical case managers who advise on occupational rehabilitation. The book will also be useful for trainees in occupational medicine who are preparing for professional examinations.
We have retained the basic structure and features of the fi rst edition which received good feedback from readers. Six main areas (occupational hazards, occupational diseases, OH practice, specialist disciplines, practical procedures, and emergencies) are covered in twelve sections.
General physicians have always found neurology difficult and perhaps intimidating. This is a reflection of inadequate training and perhaps perpetuated by the neurologists of a bygone era. Neurology still remains the most clinical of the medical subspecialities—investigative tools such as MRI and DNA analysis will never replace the basic neurological historytaking and examination, which when performed skilfully, is wonderful to watch. This is not some voodoo technique revealed to the chosen few but can be learnt from good role models and practise.
At last, a unique practical pocket guide emphasizing the clinical evidence-based approach to Rheumatology.
Rheumatic conditions are common both in general and hospital practice and the breadth and complexity of rheumatic conditions that general practitioners and specialists encounter is quite astounding. Developing history-taking and clinical examination skills is fundamental to making a diagnosis and successful long-term monitoring of rheumatic conditions. The Oxford Handbook of Rheumatology is a practical, clinical guide to the diagnosis and management of rheumatic disorders.
The Oxford Handbook of Pre-hospital Medicine provides the reader with evidence-based advice on the assessment and management of pre-hospital care emergencies. Each section defines the important clinical features of the named condition, and includes boxes containing essential advice. The treatment section incorporated national and international guidelines and protocols where available, and reflects contemporary best practice. This handbook includes all medical and trauma conditions that are regularly encountered in an immediate care setting.
Urology continues to be one of the most rapidly advancing specialities. Approximately 20% of all surgical operations and a similar percentage of surgical emergencies are urological in nature. However, often doctors have very limited experience of the many common and varied conditions encountered in this important surgical specialty. For the doctor or nurse expected to provide the initial assessment and management of a condition with which he or she has had very limited experience, this handbook provides an invaluable source of information and advice.