From the beginning, it was my idea to create a book that covers a variety of pain conditions seen by the rehabilitation specialist. I particularly wanted to include pain
conditions seen in an acute or subacute rehabilitation hospital, as well as in the outpatient setting by the general physiatrist or the physiatrist subspecialized in Brain
Injury Medicine, Hospice and Palliative Medicine, Neuromuscular Medicine, Pain Medicine, Spinal Cord Injury Medicine, and Sports Medicine.
The editors recognize the difficulties in assigning particular chapters to particular sections, as some chapters can fit into more than one section. Nevertheless, the book has enormously wide coverage.
In the last 40 years, the study of aortic heart valve replacements has had its roots in the
work of great clinicians, scientists and biomedical engineers who established the techniques for heart valve substitutes. Recently, the research on the development of aortic heart valve replacements has shifted toward tissue engineering (TE), a multidisciplinary research that involves biological, biomaterial and bioengineering sciences. This book introduces current valve substitutes and their limitations and the futuristic tissue engineering of aortic heart valves (TEHV).
How can huge populations be fed healthily, equitably and affordably while maintaining the ecosystems on which life depends? The evidence of diet’s impact on public health and the environment has grown in recent decades, yet changing food supply, consumer habits and economic aspirations proves hard. This book explores what is meant by sustainable diets and why this has to be the goal for the Anthropocene, the current era in which human activities
are driving the mismatch of humans and the planet.
The lives of kings, poets, authors, criminals, and celebrities are a perpetual fascination
in the media and popular culture, and for decades anthropologists and other scientists have participated in “postmortem dissections” of the lives of historical figures. In this field of biohistory, researchers have identified and analyzed these figures’ bodies using technologies such as DNA fingerprinting, biochemical assays, and skeletal biology. This book brings together biohistorical case studies for the first time, and considers the role of the anthropologist in writing the historical narratives surrounding the deceased.
developing and using magnetic resonance methods make an offhand comment that “everything
worth doing in MRI has been done.” Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was first
reported not long after. I have not forgotten the comment because it always makes me wonder
what new development will be reported tomorrow and what we will be able to do with fMRI,
10 years from now. At the very least, I believe fMRI will become a very powerful and commonly used tool for providing doctors with information about their patients’ neural function anywhere in the central nervous system—how it has been affected by trauma, disease, congenital effects, and other causes.
As new scientific information becomes available through basic and clinical research, recommended treatments and drug therapies undergo changes. The author and publisher have done everything possible to make this book accurate, up to date, and in accordance with accepted standards at the time of publication. The author(s), editors, and publisher are not responsible for errors or omissions or for consequences from application of the book and make no warranty, expressed or implied, in regard to the contents of the book. Any practice described in this book should be applied by the reader in accordance with professional standards of care used in regard to the unique circumstances that may apply in each situation.
Agriculture is regarded as one of the most important fields of human industry, due to its role in ensuring global food security for over 7 billion people around the world and supporting other industries. Agricultural production creates a great amount of residues/byproducts, which are considered ‘wastes’. Interestingly, agricultural wastes contain many valuable bioactive compounds, possessing a wide range of potential pharmacological properties, which have great contributions to make in related industries, such as nutraceuticals/functional foods, medicines, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics.
Antimicrobial drug resistance is a global health problem that continues to expand as micro-organisms adapt to the antibiotics we use to treat them and as new classes of antimicrobial agents have been harder to discover and advance into the clinic. The second edition of Antimicrobial Drug Resistance grew out of a desire by the editors and authors to provide an
updated, comprehensive resource of information on antimicrobial drug resistance that would
encompass the current information available for bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and viruses. The two volumes have been extensively revised with many new authors and chapters as the field of drug resistance has evolved. We believe that this information will be of value to clinicians, epidemiologists, microbiologists, virologists, parasitologists, public health authorities, medical students, and fellows in training.
Welcome to IM Essentials, an educational resource for learning internal medicine developed specifically for students! IM Essentials is a suite of educational materials produced collaboratively by the American College of Physicians (ACP), the national practice society for internal medicine, and the Clerkship Directors in Internal Medicine ( CDIM), the national organization of individuals responsible for teaching internal medicine to medical students. The IM Essentials suite consists of IM Essentials Text, an abbreviated textbook of internal medicine organized by traditional topic areas, IM Essentials Questions, containing over 500 detailed self-assessment and study questions, and IM Essentials Online, a digital version available on multiple platforms that combines the textbook and self-assessment content and provides multiple additional features for use in learning internal medicine.
Spine care is advancing at a rapid pace. The challenge for today’s spine care professional is to quickly synthesize the best available evidence and expert opinion in the management
of spine pathologies. The AOSpine Masters Series provides just that—each volume in the
series delivers pathology-focused expert opinion on procedures, diagnosis, clinical wisdom,
and pitfalls, and highlights today’s top research papers. To bring the value of its masters level educational courses and academic congresses to a wider audience, AOSpine has assembled internationally recognized spine pathology leaders to develop volumes in this Masters Series as a vehicle for sharing their experiences and expertise and providing links to the literature.
I remember my first experience using thermography. It was while working at the IBV (Institute of Biomechanics of Valencia). I was immersed in a R&D project about heating systems in sports clothing. One of my colleagues asked me to perform some thermal images for the report. The thermographic camera was quite big, like a video camera television. It was inside of a box and no one had used it, probably because no much researchers knew of its existence. I made the images, but I did not follow any protocol or really understand its camera operation. In my opinion, that first experience exemplifies the first experience that many people are having today in laboratories and research centres.
Male infertility presents a spectrum of phenotypes often with a complex etiology. About 15% of couples worldwide suffer from infertility, and male factors contribute to roughly one third, female factors contribute to another one third, and the remaining are due to combined male and female factors. In-depth physical and physiological examinations reveal exact etiology in only a few cases, resulting in the classification of the remaining as idiopathic. Due to complex and partially understood etiology, the treatment of male infertility is not straightforward. In the cases with a defined etiology, specific treatments offer hope, but in the cases with idiopathic infertility, empirical and generalized treatments are advised often.
It is a great pleasure to write the foreward to the third edition of Dr. Zoe Draelos’s textbook, Cosmetics and Dermatological Problems and Solutions. Zoe has a long interest in this area and has made major contributions to the field through the application of scientific principles to the evaluation of the efficacy of cosmetic products. Her training as an engineer, clinical researcher and clinical dermatologist are a unique combination
in this field and the result is a new level of understanding of the wide variety of agents that are used as cosmetics. This book is a testament to Dr. Draelos’s commitment to
educating dermatologists about the wide variety of products available to our patients and on the scientific basis for cosmetics.
We are very pleased to present the third edition of Clinical Reproductive Medicine and Surgery. With each successive edition, we have asked our authors to help us maintain a textbook that is comprehensive and easy to read and covers most aspects of clinical practice in reproductive medicine. Our target audience remains fellows, residents, and those who have recently begun independent practice for the irst time. We have strived to keep the textbook manageable in terms of both cost and length. For our third edition, we have made a few notable changes in an attempt to further improve upon the original textbook. In addition to asking the authors to update their chapters, we have asked them to start each chapter with a brief case presentation and a set of key words and phrases.
The synergistic relationship between sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) has been appreciated since early in the HIV epidemic. Transmitted through many of the same behaviors, the co-infection rate of STIs and HIV are significant, particularly in this age when STIs are on the rise again. As of the time of this writing, the most recent CDC STD surveillance (2015) report detailed an all-time high of cases of the three reportable STIs—chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis.
There are several other features of this text that commend it to the student and the nurse seeking a review or a refresher course. First, the authors have done an excellent job in noting historical context. Understanding where and how these ideas and practices have had their origin allows the reader to appreciate the growth and development of information. This information, when tested in practice/experience, leads to knowledge. Hopefully, it also encourages the idea that there is more to know as well as to appreciate in the developmental nature of information. Second, the authors have made extensive use of the
current research literature and have well used the nursing research literature.
We have written the second edition to support and encourage all those people who valiantly care for patients with the diabetic foot -one of the most fascinating but challenging of all diabetic complications. Diabetic feet quickly reach the point of no return and it is extremely important to diagnose problems early and carry out rapid interventions. This is the only way to manage diabetic feet and to save them from amputation and it is a key theme of our second edition. changes in the way we look after diabetic feet and we highlight
these advances in our second edition.